Canna

Cannas are tender herbaceous perennials. They prefer a rich, moist soil in a warm, sheltered area of the garden, but can be grow in containers that are sunk into the border soil, so they can be brought in over the winter. Plant out at the end of June and feed with a nitrogen rich feed, changing to potassium rich feed once the flower spikes start to show.

They will continue to flower until first frosts. To protect in the ground over winter, after the first frost, cut the leaves to about 15cm (6in) and cover with straw, tying loosely with twine to stop the straw being blown away. If growing in a pot, after they have been hit by the frost, knock them out of their container, remove all but 15cm (6in) of top growth, remove the soil from the roots/rhizome and keep in trays of dry sand in a garage or dark shed.

Cultivars and varieties:

Seeds to sow now:

Indoor or in a heated greenhouse

Cress

Lettuce

Ornamental pepper

Outside

Ageratum

Alpine poppy

Alyssum

Antwerp hollyhock, Fig-leaved hollyhock, Hollyhock

Aubretia, Rock cress, Aubrieta, Aubrietia

Bristly hollyhock

Brussels sprout

Cabbage

Carrot

Cauliflower

Common hollyhock

Cress

Floss flower, Ageratum

Hollyhock

Larkspur

Lettuce

Normandy sorrel

Onion

Radish

Spinach

Spring onion

Swiss chard, Ruby chard, Rhubard chard

Turnip

Outside under cover

Lettuce