Jobs to do in the garden this week.

  • Feed fruit trees with a potash fertiliser.
  • Plant summer fruiting raspberry canes.
  • Hard prune dogwood/cornus stems every other year. This will ensure straight, upright, brightly coloured stems. Use the prunings as hardwood cuttings. Cut into 8inch lengths, trim the bottom at a 45 degree angle and the top straight across, so you know which way up it should be planted. Push the stems into an empty space in the border.
  • Prune summer-flowering clematis before they start producing new growth.
  • Wash any used pots and seed trays, ready to be used for seed sowing.
  • Apply fertilizer containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus around trees, fruit bushes and shrubs.
  • If you are ordering seeds or plugs from mail-order companies, you'll need to get your order in soon.
  • Start off seed potatoes, standing them in seed trays with eyes uppermost.
  • For an early crop of strawberries bring the pots into the greenhouse now.
  • Pot up any cuttings that have rooted.
  • Check produce and plants that are in storage for damage or drying out (dahlias, chrysanths etc.).
  • Clear away old crops from the greenhouse, including grow bags, they can harbour hibernating insects and their eggs. Spread the grow bag compost on the soil as a soil conditioner.
  • After a frost try to stay off the grass. Treading on the lawn in frosty conditions can damage the grass.
  • Refirm the roots of any shrubs that may have been lifted by frost.
  • Put out feeders for birds, not forgetting fresh water. Encouraging birds into the garden will help reduce the number of insects and slugs.
  • Keep an eye on the weather forecast. Cover shrubs that are likely to be damaged by frost with garden fleece, sacking or an old light blanket.
  • On a dry still day rake up fallen leaves, don't put them on the compost heap, as leaves break down in a cold process, whereas a traditional compost heap breaks organic matter down in a warm/hot process. Put them into a leaf composter, or make leaf mould. How to make leaf mould.
  • If you have any decorative plant pots that aren't frostproof. Empty them of all soil and store them in the shed, greenhouse or garage.
  • Plant or move roses. They like plenty of sun and a clay soil. Leave 60cm (24in) between plants to allow air circulation, which will reduce the chance of infection.
  • Plant apple and pear trees. Check and adjust any stakes on young trees and remove stakes on any trees that have been planted more than 3 years.
  • During autumn and winter, indoor plants will require less feeding and watering. However as the temperature drops outside, the central heating goes on and the temperature in the house tends to go up, so whilst it's a good idea to keep your pot plants on the dry side and not water them too often, you should check a couple of times a week to ensure they haven't totally dried out. Oh and if you have a water spray bottle, hold the plant over the sink or bath and give the foliage a quick little squirt (don't do this to hairy leaved plants like african violets).